Here, we are gonna exploit the four parameters that are used as the basis for providing final bands in the Ielts speaking tests. Each parameter devotes 25 percentage to the last decided bands by the examiner.
Grammatical range and accuracy
Fluency and coherence
Grammatical range and accuracy:
Grammar is the basic part of every language either its English, Hindi, or any other language.
Suppose, if you don’t know singular or plural, noun, pronoun, verb, adverb adjectives, etc. and even their uses, then definitely you can’t be able to become a good English speaker.
Apart from this, if you do not have knowledge about the parts of English grammar then, you are not capable enough to grab good bands in Ielts speaking.
In addition to this, in IELTS speaking under GRA, the examiner majorly lays emphasis on the following areas:
How often do you have used complex or compound sentences? How flexible your answer was? A Check on your accuracy of speaking
Now, what are complex sentences?
Does this mean manipulating a simple answer into a complex form?
well, yes if you have the art of crafting complex sentences that combines one or two clauses along with at least two different tenses then you can earn desired bands in IELTS speaking.
Example of a complex sentence: I’m working in reliance which is a huge company. I have been working here for the last 2 years.
In this, I’m + working and which + huge are the two clauses, we have used
and we have used two time periods that are present and past here.
Hence, this is an example of a complex structure of a sentence.
Next, flexibility here means- you are elaborating your answers precisely and are not providing short answers. For example, if your examiner asks you, ” what is your hobby?”
Then, instead of saying I like to do acting.
You must say
Well, I love to do acting and it has also been my dream to become a professional actor in my life.
The more you give flexible answers, the more it shows that you have wide content to speak upon.
The last subparameter in grammatical range and accuracy is accuracy.
Under this, the test giver analyzes your fluency in order to capture the mistakes you do while speaking.
Like- He checks either you have used the parts of grammar and distinctive sentence structures in their right manner or not.
Fluency and coherence:
Under this, the examiner probably looks for the three things:
How comfortable the speaker is while speaking?
How much does the speaker hesitates or repeats his words?
Are the sentences framed by him connected with each other?
Examiners usually have an eye on the way or style of speaking of the IELTS aspirants. They actually examine whether the student is giving answers in a comfortable way or is getting nervous in between. He also checks the confidence level of the speaker.
It normally happens that when the examiner starts the cross-questioning from the pupils, they easily get tensed and begin doing mistakes. This type of behavior of students generally shows that they are not sure about their answers.
And also, sometimes the students start fumbling the words by being under the pressure of the test.
Secondly, the invigilator checks the repetitiveness in the ideas and vocabulary used by the student while giving answers to the questions being asked from him.
Further, the examiner analyzes the hesitation level of the speaker because sometimes speakers when do not get involved with the examiner they feel introverted and even start taking pauses at the time of giving answers that later give reason to the examiner to deduct their bands.
This is the basic scenario of IELTS in both speaking and writing that is not to repeat similar words again and again if you don’t wish to lose your bands.
Under the Coherence part, the invigilator put a check on the connection between your all sentences in your answers and in 2 minutes speaking as well.
To create a connection between your sayings, is of supreme importance, in IELTS speaking.
For this, you can use a variety of connectors while speaking and must know how to connect one sentence with the other one.
For example, you can use
Further, furthermore, moreover, In a similar way, whereas, however etcetera as connectors while speaking and
In a nutshell, at last, to sum up etc. for drawing conclusions.
One thing that should be kept in mind that the more you will try to establish a link between two sentences the more clarified your speaking will be and your ideas also will be crystal clear to the examiner that later boost up your overall bands in Ielts speaking.
As the name suggests, the resources that you used at the time of taking the Ielts speaking test in the form of words or vocabulary.
In this section examiner basically focuses on:
How wide you have used vocab words?
Any idiomatic or phrasal expressions used by you?
How you paraphrase the words if you forgot anyone?
Are you aware of collocation?
Basically, the examiner wants to inspect your hold over distinct vocab words. This is a prominent factor of speaking that focuses on the usage of fascinating and alluring vocab words to enhance the speaking bands
Daily use words
So, rather than using daily life vocab words use some impressive words that can yield high bands to you.
Next to this is the usage of idioms and phrases that do the task of ‘icing on the cake’.
In the simplest words, phrases and idioms make you’re speaking more effective and appreciable. Hence, these two draw the attention of the examiner and force him to give a high band to you
In real term, there is a heap of phrases and idioms in the English language but the thing is that it’s not anyone’s ‘cup of tea’ to learn and remember each one of them.
So, do learn at least 15 to 20 idioms and phrases that you can easily remember and put them into use while speaking.
The third factor that is included under lexical resources is your ability to cover up.
Suppose, you forget a word at a time then what will you do.
No, neither you can say to the examiner that you forgot the word nor you can take a pause and say what should I say now?
In this phase, you will have to cover up your answer by putting other words in the conversation that set suitable on the place of the word you forget.
Besides, if you know how to smartly paraphrase a sentence then you can change the structure of the sentence to convey your thoughts in case you forgot something.
And you would not need to take a pause and remember the word you forgot and you will be saved from losing bands.
The other factor is your awareness of collocating different words.
You should know what is the right manner to present a word or saying.
I’m drinking tea
I’m taking a shower
Cooldown the ice cream
I’m taking tea
I’m having a shower
Freeze the ice cream
So, in this way you should have information about which appropriate word to be used with the other word in order to make it meaningful.
This is the mistake that people often do intentionally or unintentionally.
Hence, you have to gather knowledge about collocation to grab more bands in IELTS speaking.
Let’s move towards the last parameter of IELTS speaking and that is
Under pronunciation, the examiner usually stresses upon:
Not Your accent but the word stress and intonations
your way of producing sounds of vowels.
Well, a plethora of people practice for Ielts speaking in a foreign accent because they opine that foreign accents can fetch more bands for them.
But, this is a wrong approach as there is no issue with your accent or your way of speaking English.
Rather, the area where the examiners always focused on is the stresses you posses on the words while speaking.
As you know, pronunciation includes mainly how to put stress on some words in a sentence to make it more effective for the listener.
Adjacent to this, your tone of speaking is also scrutinized in Ielts speaking.
Like- Either you speak in a dissimilar tone with some variations or,
you speak like a talking toy with no fluctuations in communicating your ideas.
Actually, speaking with a low or high pitch of voice draw the attention of the listener towards the speaker in a more effective way.
The next one is the way you produce the sounds of vowels.
As some people have a habit to chew each and every word rather than pronouncing them in a smooth way while speaking.
This may lead to losing your band in IELTS speaking.
Hence, students need to know about the relevance of vowels in English.
To sum up, it can be drawn out that each parameter in Ielts Speaking posses its own relevance in accumulating a final band for the test taker. So, while practicing for speaking, students should do practice as per the evaluation criteria of all these sub-parameters of IELTS speaking.
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